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类型中国电力系统转型概况-15页.pdf

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    中国电力 系统 转型 概况 15
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    中国电力系统转型概况Performance of Chinas Power System Performance of Chinas Power System TransitionT电力规划设计总院国际部主任 方晓松FANG FANG XiaosongXiaosong, Director of , Director of International International DepartmentDepartment, EPPEI, EPPEI2022/09/21能源生产保障能力稳步提升。2021年,中国一次能源消费总量为52.4亿吨标煤,同比增长5.2%。带动一次能源生产量达到43.3亿吨标煤,同比增长6.3%,增速均创10年新高。2015-2021年以较低的能源消费增速保障了国民经济的较快发展。ChinasChinas energyenergy productionproduction capacitycapacity hashas beenbeen steadilysteadily improvedimproved. . The growth rate of primaryenergy production hit a 10-year high in 2021. The rapid development of the national economy is guaranteed by relatively lowenergyconsumptiongrowthratefrom2015to2021.01 能源领域转型Energy Sector TransitionEnergy Sector Transition43.444.245.647.248.749.852.41.4%1.7%3.2%3.5%3.2%2.2%5.2%0%2%4%6%8%10%3035404550552015201620172018201920202021能源消费总量Total Energy Consumption增速Growth Rate单位:亿吨标准煤Unit:100 milliontonsofstandardcoal中国20152015- -20212021年能源消费情况Chinas Energy Consumption in 2015Chinas Energy Consumption in 2015- -2021 2021 36.234.635.937.939.740.843.30.0%-4.4%3.8%5.6%4.7%2.8%6.1%-5%0%5%10%3035404550552015201620172018201920202021能源生产总量Total Energy Production增速Growth Rate单位:亿吨标准煤Unit:100 milliontonsofstandardcoal中国20152015- -20212021年能源生产情况Chinas Energy Production in 2015Chinas Energy Production in 2015- -2021 2021 12.1%13.5%13.8%14.3%15.3%15.9%16.6%11%12%13%14%15%16%17%2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 中国20152015- -20212021非化石能源消费量占比Proportion of Chinas NonProportion of Chinas Non- -Fossil Energy Consumption in 2015Fossil Energy Consumption in 2015- -20212021能源绿色转型加快推进。2021年,中国非化石能源生产和消费比重分别达到20.3%和16.6%,较上年均提高了0.7个百分点。单位GDP能耗强度下降了2.7个百分点,碳排放强度下降了3.8个百分点。ChinasChinas greengreen energyenergytransitiontransition hashas beenbeen acceleratedaccelerated. . In 2021, the proportion of non-fossil energy production and consumption reached 20.3% and16.6%, respectively, both up 0.7 percentage points from 2020. Energy intensity (total energy consumption per unit of GDP)droppedby2.7percentagepoints,andcarbonemissionintensitydecreasedby3.8percentagepoints.1.20 1.10 1.05 1.01 0.98 0.98 0.94 0.00.20.40.60.81.01.21.42015201620172018201920202021单位:单位GDP二氧化碳排放(吨/万元)Unit:CO2emissionperGDP(t/10000RMB)中国20152015- -20212021年能源消费情况Chinas Energy Consumption in 2015Chinas Energy Consumption in 2015- -2021 2021 01 能源领域转型Energy Sector TransitionEnergy Sector Transition电源侧PowerPowerSideSide电力供应保障能力逐步夯实。2021年,中国发电装机达到23.8亿千瓦,同比增长9.5%;发电量8.4万亿千瓦时,同比增长4.0%。ChinasChinaspowerpowersupplysupplycapacitycapacityhashasbeenbeengraduallygraduallystrengthenedstrengthened. .In2021,Chinasinstalledpowercapacityreached2.38TW,withayear-on-yeargrowthof9.5%;powergeneration reached8400TWh,up4.0%yearonyear.14.9%14.9%2.2%2.2%13.8%13.8%12.9%12.9%46.6%46.6%4.6%4.6%1.6%1.6%3.5%3.5%23.823.8亿千瓦2.38 TW2.38 TWHydroNuclearWindSolarCoalGasPumped hydroBiomass20212021年中国电源发电装机和发电量Chinas Power Supply & Power Capacity by Source in 2021Chinas Power Supply & Power Capacity by Source in 202115.5%15.5%4.9%4.9%7.8%7.8%3.9%3.9%60.0%60.0%3.4%3.4%0.5%0.5%4.0%4.0%水电核电风电太阳能发电煤电气电抽水蓄能生物质及其他8.48.4万亿千瓦时8400 8400 TWhTWh02 电力系统转型Power System TPower System Transitionransition电源侧PowerPowerSideSide绿色电源占比大幅提升。2021年,中国可再生能源发电装机历史性突破11亿千瓦,占总装机的比重达到45.8%,风电、光伏均居世界第一。可再生能源发电量达到2.49万亿千瓦时,占全社会用电量的29.9%。TheTheproportionproportion of of renewablerenewable powerpower supplysupply hashas significantlysignificantly increasedincreased in in ChinaChina. . In 2021, Chinas installed renewable power capacityexceeded1.1TW,generating 2490TWh,withwindandsolarpowerrankingfirst intheworld.中国20182018- -20212021年可再生能源装机Chinas Renewable Power Capacity in 2018Chinas Renewable Power Capacity in 2018- -2021 2021 0200004000060000800001000001200002018201920202021装机容量(万千瓦)Power Capacity (10MW)风电Wind光伏PV水电Hydro抽蓄Pumped Storage中国20182018- -20212021年可再生能源发电量Chinas Renewable Power Generation in 2018Chinas Renewable Power Generation in 2018- -2021 2021 05000100001500020000250002018201920202021装机容量(亿千瓦时)Power Capacity (100GWh)风电Wind光伏PV水电Hydro02 电力系统转型Power System TPower System Transitionransition电网侧GridGridSideSide电网建设规模稳步扩大。截至2021年底,中国220千伏及以上输电线路长度达到84.3万公里,同比增长3.8%;220千伏及以上变电容量44.7亿千伏安,直流换流容量4.7亿千瓦;主要高压配电线变电容量24.3亿千伏安,高压配电线路长度达到115万公里。ChinasChinas powerpower gridgrid scalescale hashas beenbeen steadilysteadily expandedexpanded. . By the end of 2021, the length ofChinas transmission lines (220kV) reached 843,000 km, with a substation capacity of 4.47 billion kVA and a DC conventercapacityof4700GW;thelengthofhigh-voltage distributionlinesreached1,150,000km.68306771306476701279640941721417214519146981369671390354425795446760338383603844590471622018201920202021交流线路长度(公里)Length of AC Line (km)直流线路长度(公里)Length of DC Line (km)交流变电容量(万千伏安)AC Transformer Capacity (10MVA)直流换流容量(万千伏安)DC Converter Capacity (10MVA)中国20182018- -20212021年输电网建设情况Chinas Transmission Grid in 2018Chinas Transmission Grid in 2018- -2021 2021 6902235814582317487180018001034857698101000kV750kV500kV330kV220kV线路长度(公里)Length (km)变电容量(万千伏安)Transformer Capacity (10MVA)中国20212021年新增2
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