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20年10月英语(二)自学考试试题含答案.pdf

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    20 10 英语 自学考试 试题 答案
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    012020 年 10 月全国高等教育自学考试试题00015 英语(二)第一部分选择题部分第一部分:阅读判断(第 1 10 题,每题 1 分,共 10 分)下面的短文后列出了 10 个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子作出判断:如果该句提供的是正确信息,选择 A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,选择 B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及,选择 C,并将所选答案的代码(指 A、B 或 C)填在答题纸的相应位置上。Booking Online and Saving the EnvironmentWhen you are looking to book a holiday, it is unlikely that you will think about how green your booking decision is, but it is something that you should think about. By “green” we mean the impact on the environment.When looking to book a holiday, you will probably find that you are faced with two main decisions. The first is to go into a travel agency, pick up brochures( 宣传册 ), read through them and go back with just one and book with the travel agents directly or over the phone. The second is to go onto the Internet.The Internet holds many advantages over the travel agencies. The main one is convenience. You can go online to look at holidays at any time of the day. The travel agents, however, are usually very busy at times when people can actually go, i.e. lunch hours or at the weekend. You could use the telephone, but you wouldnt be able to see the pictures or the details of the holidays, so you would probably be sent a brochure anyway.There are websites on the Internet that make shopping for holiday deals much easier. These websites are known as price comparison websites. They search through lots of different tour operators, and the results are displayed on one page, from which you can choose. Compared with the travel agencies, booking online is greener. The piles of brochures are definitely not green, and the amount of unnecessary paper used cant be good for the environment. In the days of the Internet, there is really no need for such a large amount of paper to be wasted. So booking online will not only save you time and effort, it will do a little bit towards saving the environment, too! 1. When planning holidays, few people will think about being green.A. True B. False C. Not Given2. There are two main choices when people look to book their holidays.A. True B. False C. Not Given3. People go to travel agencies and make their decisions directly.A. True B. False C. Not Given4. The main advantage of booking online is saving money.A. True B. False C. Not Given5. Many people go to travel agencies at lunchtime.A. True B. False C. Not Given6. Booking holidays by telephone requires less communicative skills.A. True B. False C. Not Given7. There are limited choices at price comparison websites.A. True B. False C. Not Given8. Travel agencies make the best use of price comparison websites.A. True B. False C. Not Given9. Travelers collect brochures as a hobby.A. True B. False C. Not Given10. Booking online is a way to save the environment.A. True B. False C. Not Given第二部分:阅读选择(第 11 15 题,每题 2 分,共 10 分)阅读下面短文,请从短文后所给各题的 4 个选项(A、B、C、D)中选出 1 个最佳选项,并将所选答案的代码(指 A、B、C 或 D)填在答题纸的相应位置上。Urban GardeningUrban gardening refers to the practice of planting a garden in the city. Apartments, town homes, and other areas with little or no land are being used for gardening. This method of gardening is becoming more common as the amount of land for gardening in cities is becoming smaller and smaller.02Containers, hanging baskets and raised beds are examples of items people use to create a garden in a confined space. Some cities also offer a shared community garden for people who have no room to grow plants at home.Many types of plants can be grown in containers and baskets. Tomatoes and peppers, for instance, can grow in containers on windowsills( 窗台 ). Plants grown on a windowsill should usually receive at least six to eight hours of sunlight daily. Herbs are often grown in containers or baskets in the kitchen. They do not require much space and can be handy for cooking.People who want to grow more plants may use raised beds which are usually made of wood pieces and filled with a mixture of soil and fertilizers. They can be built on top of any hard surface, including roof tops. People like them because the beds often cost much less than most other methods of gardening.Community gardening could be an option for anyone who does not have space for a garden at home. Most cities that offer this will rent a small plot of land to someone for a fee, or allow them to use it free of charge. Instead of dividing the land into separate plots, some cities allow everyone in the neighborhood to share and work on the same land. This method could be beneficial for people in the neighborhood who share the passion for growing things. 11. Urban gardening came into being as a result of. A. the lack of land for gardening B. new technology C. government encouragement D. the increasing population12. The word “confined”(Para. 2) means.A. open B. emptyC. limited D. occupied13. Plants grown on windowsills require a lot of . A. water B. spaceC. soil D. sunlight14. Raised beds are popular because they.A. are efficient B. are cheap C. last long D. contain fertilizers15. Community gardening is beneficial because it . A. saves m
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