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中国城市规划中天人观的研究

文档名称:中国城市规划中天人观的研究
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文档名称:中国城市规划中天人观的研究
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文档大小:1452KB
上传者:whyuhs
添加时间:2019/05/13
内容摘要:
东南大学
硕士学位论文
中国城市规划中天人观的研究
姓名:陈小明
申请学位级别:硕士
专业:科学技术哲学
旨导教师:王兵
20050620
摘要
中国古代大多数城市选址是综合考虑政治、军事防御、经济、水资源、交通等
诸要素的结果,规划布局的核心思想是天人合一。规划设计理念主要是以《周礼?考
工记》为代表的礼制城市思想,以《管子》思想为代表的自由城市理念,体象天地
的星象观念以及根源于天人合一观的风水、阴阳、五行学说。此外具有人文特色的
山水文化对中国传统城市的规划影响也极大,并渗透到城市规划实践之中。从鸦片
战争开始,外国资本主义的侵略是近代中国城市发展的一条主线。与西方资本主义工
业化的天人相分相比,近代中国城市规划理念是不完全化的天人相分,或者说是变
态天人相分。新中国成立后,在经历建国初期的基本沿用苏联模式、文革期间的“人
定胜天”、80年代的科学规划后,城市规划设计理念由准天人相分复归到辨证的天人
合一,21世纪将进一步发展到后现代的天人和诸。本文从中国传统的天人观及其演
变的角度出发,采用文献研究、归纳、分类比较、案例分析及实地调研等方法,对
古代、近代及现代中国城市规划进行研究。探究城市规划天人观的思想根源,展现
在历史发展和科技进步过程中,中国传统的天、人观的演化及其在城市规划设计中的
演变。为探索中国特色的城市规划设计理论、保护城市历史文化、指导城市规划建设
工作提供有益的启示。
关键词:城市规划天人观山水城市
ABSTRACT
In ancient time of China, the site of most cities was chosen according to synthetic factors such as
the politics, military defense, economy, the resources of water, transportation etc. The core thought of
Planning was the man showing no difference with the nature. The main principle of planning and design
was the thought of institution city, represented by Zhou Courtesy Record of Craft; the thought of
freedom city, represented by Guanzi; the thought of star chart model and the thought coming from the
man showing no diffierence with the nature, such as fengshui, yinyang, wuxing. In addition, Chinese
traditional city planning and design was also more influenced by mountain-water culture of the
humanity feature. These thoughts had seeped in the practice of city planning and design. Start from the
Opium War, it was a main line for Chinese city development that foreign capitalism invaded in modern
age. Compared with the man dividing from the nature of the western industrializing capitalism, the
principle of Chinese city planning and design in modem age was unperfect the man dividing from the
nature, or abnormal the man dividing from the nature. After New China established, gone through
Soviets model in initial stage, the Man Mastering the Nature in the period of Cultural Revolution and
science planning in 1980s, city planning design principle had become from parafrom of the man
dividing from the nature to the man showing no difference with the nature. It will be further become
dialectical man harmonizing with the nature in 21 centuries. At the point of the traditional viewpoints
about the nature and the man in China, Chinese city planning has been researched about the ancient
modern age and modern China in this thesis by the methods of document researching, inducing
classification comparison, model case analysising and on-site inspection etc. In order to show th
evolving of the nature and the man in Chinese traditional viewpoints and city planning with the
development of science and technology, the source of the viewpoints was looked for. This thesis will
offer useful enlightenments for researching city planning theories with Chinese special features
protecting the city history culture and guiding the city planning developments work
Keywords: the city planning the viewpoints about the nature and the man shanshui city
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